Learn about how verbs can be used as adjectives to describe nouns. When are verbs used as adjectives, what they describe and how they are used.

Verbs as Adjectives

  

Can you answer this question?  

 

red-car

 

The red racing car flew past the cheering crowds and waving flags to cross the finishing line first.

 

Copy the four words which are verbs acting as adjectives in the sentence above.

a.

b.

c.

d.

 

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 the answer

ANSWER

 

red-car

 

.The red racing car flew past the cheering crowds and waving flags to cross the finishing line first.

Copy the four words which are verbs acting as adjectives in the sentence above.

 

a. racing

b. cheering

c. waving

d. finishing

 

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Learn About Verbs as Adjectives

 

nouns are words that tell us the name of people, places or things

 

 

people

pirate-with-flag

 

pirate

places

pirate-with-flag

 

island

things

pirate-with-flag

 

flag

 

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nouns name

pirate-with-parrot

the parrot

names

adjectives describe

pirate-with-parrot

the green parrot

describes

 

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if a word describes a noun it must be an adjective

 

pirate-with-parrot

 

the word pirate is a noun

any word that describes the pirate must be an adjective

✅ the pirate hat

✅ the pirate flag

 

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adjectives 2 REVISION question

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learn club remember

 

nouns name things

adjectives describe them

 

treasure-chest

coins

names

treasure-chest

gold coins

describes

 

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nouns name things and adjectives describe them

 action verbs can tell us what they are doing

 

pirate-sailing

 

✅ The ship is sailing to the island.

 

sailing tells us the action the ship is doing so the word sailing is a verb

 

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the word sailing can also be used as an adjective

 

✅ The ship is sailing to the island.

pirate-ship

sailing describes the action

so sailing is a verb

✅ The sailing ship raced to the island.

pirate-ship

sailing describes the noun ship

so sailing is an adjective

 

 

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adjectives 3 question

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if a word describes a noun then that word will be an adjective

even if that word is usually a verb

 

the word paddling is usually used as a verb

paddling-pool

but it can be used as an adjective to describe the noun pool

 

paddling pool

the word swimming is usually used as a verb

swimming-in-the-sea

but it can be used as an adjective to describe the noun pool

 

swimming pool

 

 

  

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adjectives 3 question

 learn-club-question

 

 

if a word describes a noun then that word will be an adjective

 even if that word is usually a verb

 

 

What kind of pool is it?

paddling-pool

It is a paddling pool.

What kind of pool is it?

swimming-in-the-sea

It is a swimming pool.

 

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verbs can be used as adjectives to describe nouns

 

Finn is reading a book.

reading

this reading is an action so it is a verb

it tells us what Finn is doing

The reading book is new.

reading

this reading is a description so it is an adjective

it is describing what kind of book

  

 

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adjectives 3 question

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if there is no action being done then it is not a verb

 

Finn is reading a book.

reading

someone is doing the action of reading

so this reading is a verb

The reading book is new.

reading

no one is doing the action of reading

so this reading is not a verb it is an adjective

 

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if there is no one doing the action then a word is not a verb

 

The friends are swimming.

swimming

someone is swimming

so this swimming is a verb

The swimming pool is busy.

swimming

no one is swimming

so this swimming is not a verb it is an adjective

 

  

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adjectives 3 question

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if there is no one doing the action then a word is not a verb

  

Toby is washing his football kit.

 washing-machine

the action that Toby is doing

this washing is a verb

The football kit is in the washing machine.

washing-machine

what kind of machine it is

this washing is an adjective

 

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the same word can be used to

 

1. describe the action

 

✅ The family are sleeping inside the tent.

 

camping

sleeping = verb - describes the action

 

2. describe the noun

 

✅ Their new sleeping bags were cosy.

 

camping

 

sleeping = adjective - describes the noun bag

 

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the same word can be used to

 

1. describe the action

 

✅ Thomas has just broken his bike.

 

broken-bike

 

broken = verb - describes the action

 

2. describe the noun

 

✅ Thomas carried his broken bike home.

 

broken-bike

 

broken = adjective - describes the noun bike

 

 

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adjectives 3 question

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verbs can be used as adjectives

 

✅ Adam is ironing his fancy dress costume.

 

superhero

ironing = verb - describes the action

 

✅ His fancy dress costume is on the ironing board.

 

superhero

 

ironing = adjective - describes the noun board

 

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learn club remember

 

the same word can be used in different ways

 

The children are running in a race.

runners

running is used as a verb because it describes an action

is an action because someone is running

They are on the school running track.

runners

running is now an adjective because it describes what kind of track

is not an action because no one is running

 

 

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Now take the Verbs as Adjectives Quiz to find out what you have learned...

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