We can use an adjectival phrase to describe a noun
when we use more than one adjective to
describe a noun it is called an adjectival phrase
◊ one word to describe a noun = adjective
◊ more than one word to describe a noun = adjectival phrase
♦ the quiet campsite ➡️ adjective
♦ the quiet and peaceful campsite ➡️ adjectival phrase
adjectival phrases use more than one word to describe a noun
♦ Thomas was upset. ➡️ adjective
♦ Thomas was upset and sad. ➡️ adjectival phrase
when more than one word is used to describe a noun
it is called an adjectival phrase
♦ Buster was a naughty dog. ➡️ adjective
♦ Buster was a really naughty and disobedient dog. ➡️ adjectival phrase
there are three types of adjectival phrases
type 1: uses a string (a group) of adjectives
The alien was pink, rubbery and revolting.
♦ pink, rubbery and revolting are adjectives
type 2: uses adverbs such as very or really with an adjective
Barney was really happy with his new dog food.
♦ really = adverb | happy = adjective
type 3: uses a prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective
The children with the new paddling pool were excited.
the whole phrase with the new paddling pool describes the noun children so the whole phrase acts like an adjective
adjectives can tell us
which one is being talked about
♦ The pink balloon was the first one to burst.
♦ The gift with the red bow on was the most expensive.
adjectival phrases can do the same thing
prepositional phrases act like adjectives when they tell us which one is being talked about
The clown with the bow tie is the best juggler.
prepositional phrase that is adjectival
tells us which one of the three clowns is the best juggler
prepositional phrases start with prepositions such as in or on
they can be used as adjectives to tell us which one
♦ The alien in the spaceship is called Glugg.
♦ The pirate on the steps is the captain of the ship.
tells us which pirate is the captain
prepositional phrases can act as adjectives
to describe a noun
♦ The penguin in his new blue hat was snowboarding
♦ The penguin with the new snowboard is showing off.
♦ The penguin on the really high mountain was getting tired.
prepositional phrases start with a preposition
the adjectival phrases all tell us more about the penguin
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