button to learn about adjectives 5

 

Adjectival Phrases

 

We can use an adjectival phrase to describe a noun

 

when we use more than one adjective to

describe a noun it is called an adjectival phrase

 

◊ one word to describe a noun = adjective

◊ more than one word to describe a noun = adjectival phrase

 

campsite

♦ the quiet campsite ➡️ adjective

♦ the quiet and peaceful campsite ➡️ adjectival phrase

 

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adjectival phrases use more than one word to describe a noun

 

broken-bike

 

♦ Thomas was upset. ➡️ adjective

♦ Thomas was upset and sad. ➡️ adjectival phrase

 

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when more than one word is used to describe a noun

it is called an adjectival phrase

 

dog-biting

 

♦ Buster was a naughty dog. ➡️ adjective

♦ Buster was a really naughty and disobedient dog. ➡️ adjectival phrase

 

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there are three types of adjectival phrases

 

type 1: uses a string (a group) of adjectives

 

pink-alien

 

The alien was pink, rubbery and revolting.

 

pink, rubbery and revolting are adjectives

 

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type 2: uses adverbs such as very or really with an adjective

 

dog-eating

Barney was really happy with his new dog food.

 

really = adverb | happy = adjective

 

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type 3: uses a prepositional phrase that acts as an adjective

 

paddling pool

 

The children with the new paddling pool were excited.

 

the whole phrase with the new paddling pool describes the noun children so the whole phrase acts like an adjective

 

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adjectives can tell us

which one is being talked about

 

party-balloons

The pink balloon was the first one to burst.

 

party-balloons

The gift with the red bow on was the most expensive.

 

 adjectival phrases can do the same thing

 

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prepositional phrases act like adjectives when they tell us which one is being talked about

 

circus

The clown with the bow tie is the best juggler.

prepositional phrase that is adjectival

 tells us which one of the three clowns is the best juggler

 

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prepositional phrases start with prepositions such as in or on

they can be used as adjectives to tell us which one

 space-aliens

♦ The alien in the spaceship is called Glugg.

 

pirate-ship

 

♦ The pirate on the steps is the captain of the ship.

tells us which pirate is the captain

 

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prepositional phrases can act as adjectives

to describe a noun

 

penguin-snowboarding

 

 

♦ The penguin in his new blue hat was snowboarding

 

♦ The penguin with the new snowboard is showing off.

 

♦ The penguin on the really high mountain was getting tired.

 

prepositional phrases start with a preposition 

 

the adjectival phrases all tell us more about the penguin

  

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