KS2 Prepositional Phrases

 

Did you answer it correctly?

 

The pirate hid inside the little cave.

 

girl-pirate

 

Is the prepositional phrase in the sentence above:

 

i. an adjectival phrase?

 

ii. an adverbial phrase? ✅

 

 


 

 

Time to start teaching KS2 Prepositional Phrases...

 

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1. a sentence must have a subject

 

in sentences with an action verb the subject will be who or what is doing the action

 

  

pirate-island

 

 

The pirates found the treasure.

 

the subject of this sentence is the pirates because they are doing the action

 

 


 

 

 

2. a sentence must also have a main verb

 

one type of main verb a sentence might have is an action verb

 

pirate-island

 

 

action verbs tell us the action that a subject is doing

 

 

The pirate ship bobbed up and down in the water.

 

this is the subject  |   this is the verb

 

 


 

 

a sentence must have two things

 

1. a sentence must have a subject

2. a sentence must have a verb

 

 robot-working

 

 

3. a sentence might also have a prepositional phrase

 

 

The robots carry the parcel to the delivery van.

 

 

 


 

 

prepositional phrases are phrases that start with a preposition

 

 

 

runners-on-a-track

 

have helping verbs form a tense called the perfect form

 

The runners raced on the running track.

 

subject  |  action verb  |  prepositional phrase

 

starts with the preposition on

 

 


 

 

prepositional phrases always start with a preposition such as…

 

 

in  |  on  |  at  |  from  |  behind  |  ahead  |  over  |  above

 

 

runners-on-a-track

 

 

Kyle and Daisy fell behind the others.

 

subject  |  verb  |  prepositional phrase

 

starts with a preposition

 


 

 

prepositional phrases can tell us where an action took place

 

woods

 

 

The children hiked through the woods.

 

subject  |  action verb  |  prepositional phrase

 

where the action took place

 

 

 

 


 

prepositional phrases can also tell us when an action took place

 

 

woods

 

 

subject verb prepositional phrase

 

The hike started in the morning

 

action when the action took place

 

 


 

 

adverbs can tell us where and when an action happens 

 

 

The boys would play football anywhere.

 

football

 

where

 

The boys played football yesterday.

 

football

 

when

 

 


 

 

when a prepositional phrase describes where or when an action happens - it will be acting as an adverb

 

 

where

 

football

 

The boys played football in the park.

 

when

 

football

 

The boys walked home after the game.

 

 

these prepositional phrases are acting as adverbs

 

 


 

 

a sentence can have more than one prepositional phrase

 

 

children-on-the-beach

 

prepositional phrase  |  subject  |  verb  |  prepositional phrase

 

In the afternoon the children paddled in the sea.

 

when  where

 

 


 

 

prepositional phrases can also describe how an action was done 

 

surfer

 

Jack impressed the judges with his surfing skills.

 

subject  |  verb  |  how he impressed the judges

 

 


 

 

prepositional phrases can describe how an action was done 

 

 

 

how the spider was carried

 

spider-being-carried

 

Stanley carried the little spider carefully.

 

single adverb

 

how the spider was carried

 

spider-being-carried

 

He carried the spider between his finger and his thumb.

 

prepositional phrase

acting as an adverb

 

 

 


 

 

 

a prepositional phrase can act as an adverb

 

when it does the phrase is called an adverbial phrase

 

children-on-the-beach

adverbial phrases can tell us…

 

where

 

The children splashed in the sea.

 

when

 

They played on the sand after lunch.

 

how

 

Abby built a sandcastle with her bucket and spade.

 

 


 

 

prepositional phrases can also act as adjectives

 

 

deck-of-a-pirate-ship

 

 

The pirate on the stairs found the map.

 

the subject is a noun

 

this prepositional phrase describes the noun pirate it identifies which of the three pirates found the map

 

the action is a verb

 

any word or phrase that describes a noun will be an adjective

 

 


 

 

adjectives are words that describe nouns

 

when a prepositional phrase is describing a noun it will be acting as an adjective

 

 

beach-volley-ball

 

The girl with the head band on scored the first point.

 

subject noun adjectival phrase  |  verb action

 

describes which girl scored the first point

 

 


 

 

a prepositional phrase can act as an adjective

 

when it does the phrase is called an adjectival phrase

 

 

beach-volley-ball

 

The team in the red kit won the game.

 

subject noun adjectival phrase  |  verb action

 

describes which girl scored the first point

 

 


 

 

prepositional phrases can be adjectival (describes a subject)

 

 

cinema

 

The children in the cinema watched an exciting film.

 

subject noun adjectival phrase describe nouns  |  verb action

 

adjectival phrases describe nouns

 

 


 

 

 

prepositional phrases can be adverbial (describes a verb)

 

 

cinema

 

They watched a film at the cinema.

 

subject noun verb  |  verb (action)  | describes where the action was done 

 

adverbial phrases describe verbs

 

 


 

 

prepositional phrases can be adjectival (describes a subject)

prepositional phrases can also be adverbial (describes a verb)

 

 

beach-volley-ball

 

adjectival  |  adverbial

 

The crab in the water climbed onto the sand

 

subject describes the subject  |  action verb describes the verb

 

 


 

 

so far all the examples of prepositional phrases have been in sentences with action verbs

 

prepositional phrases can also be used in sentences with linking verbs

 

girls-football-team

 

The girl’s team are in front of the goal.

 

subject  |  linking verb  | prepositional phrase

 

noun not an action verb  |  describes where the girls are

 

adjectival phrase

 



 

 

prepositional phrases can be adjectival (describes a subject)

 

 

girl-pirate 

 

The ship is close to the rocks.

 

 

subject (noun) | linking verb  |  adjectival phrase

 

  

(not an action verb)

 

prepositional phrase that describes where the ship is

 

 


 

 

there is no action in a sentence with a linking verb

 

so prepositional phrases in these sentences will always be adjectival

 

 

camp-site

subject linking verb  |  adjectival  |  adjectival

 

The tent was in a campsite near the woods

 

 

noun  | not an action verb  |  describes where the tent is  |  describes where the campsite is

 

 


 

 

prepositional phrases always

 

start with a preposition and finish with a noun

 

owl

adjectival

describes the subject

 

The owl was on the top branch.

 

 

adverbial

describes the verb

 

The owl was sitting at the top of the tree.

 

 


 

 

a prepositional phrase is everything

 

from the preposition to the object (noun or pronoun)

 

girl-pirate

 

 

The parrot was on the treasure chest.

 

 

Grace and her parrots were inside the little cave.

 

prepositional phrases

 

 



 

 

prepositional phrases always finish with a noun

 

if a words that looks like a preposition is not followed by a noun then it is not a preposition

 

halloween-party

 

They put their costumes on for the party.

 

on is followed by the noun party

 

this on is a preposition

 

They put their costumes on.

 

on is not followed by a noun so there is no object

 

this on is acting as an adverb

 

 


 

 

Did you LEARN it?

 

Now see if you can answer the question below. Scroll down for the answer.

 

The pirate hid inside the little cave.

 

girl-pirate

 

Is the prepositional phrase in the sentence above:

 

i. an adjectival phrase?

 

ii. an adverbial phrase?

  

 

 


 

ANSWER

 

The pirate hid inside the little cave.

 

girl-pirate

 

Is the prepositional phrase in the sentence above:

 

i. an adjectival phrase?

 

ii. an adverbial phrase?  ✅

  


 

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