Learn all about noun phrases a phrase that has a noun and other words that describe the noun.

 

Noun Phrases

 

Learn about Noun Phrases

 

a noun phrase is a phrase that has a noun

plus other words that describe the noun

 

 

cinema

 

popcorn | three big tubs of popcorn

 

noun | noun phrase

 

 

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a noun phrase can be

 just a noun + a determiner

 

 

camp-site

 

determiner | noun |  ✅ noun phrase 

 

  a campsite 

  the fire 

  their tent 

  that rucksack 

 

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a noun phrase can also include adjectives

 

 

camp-site

 

 

determiner | adjective | noun | ✅ noun phrase 

 

a quiet campsite

  the warm fire

 

 

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nouns name things

 

purple-alien

 

alien

adjectives describe nouns

 

purple-alien

 

friendly + purple

 

once an adjective is added to a noun it becomes part of the noun phrase

 

✅ the friendly purple alien

 

noun phrase

 

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adjectives can be added to a noun phrase to give more information about the noun

 

☑️ this is called expanding the noun phrase

 

 

 

his bike

 

riding-new-bike

 

noun phrase

 

his new fast red bike

 

riding-new-bike

 

expanded noun phrase

 

 

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determiners, adjectives and adverbs

 can expand noun phrases

 

robot-diy

noun phrase

the robot

 

expanded noun phrase

 

the very helpful friendly robot

 

determiner | adverb | adjectives | noun

 

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noun phrases always have a head noun

that the whole noun phrase is about

 

aliens-birthday

 

noun phrase

 

the four excited aliens at the birthday party

 

the head noun in this noun phrase is - aliens

 

everything in this noun phrase is describing the aliens

 

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noun phrase REVISION question

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a noun phrase includes a head noun

 and all the words that describe (modify) it

 

alien-birthday

 

noun phrases might include modifiers both

in front of and after the head noun

 

the slice of cake with the candle on it

 

modifier | head noun | modifier

 

all the words that describe the head noun will be part of the noun phrase

 

 

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prepositional phrases can also expand noun phrases

 

climber

 

 

✅ the climber on the icy mountain

 

noun phrase | prepositional phrase

 

the expanded noun phrase includes the prepositional phrase

 

the climber on the icy mountain

 

 

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noun phrase REVISION question

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prepositional phrases can expand noun phrases

 

roller-coster

 

the really excited children on the scary ride

 

noun phrase | prepositional phrase

 

the expanded noun phrase includes the prepositional phrase

 

the really excited children on the scary ride

 

 

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with is a preposition that can be used to start a prepositional phrase

 

treasure

 

the chest with all the treasure in it

 

noun phrase | this prepositional phrase has expanded the noun phrase

 

the expanded noun phrase includes the prepositional phrase

 

✅ the chest with all the treasure in it

 

 

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prepositional phrases are not always part of a noun phrase

 

sea-life-center

 

noun phrase | verb | prepositional phrase

 

The children in the sea life centre walked under the tunnel.

 

this prepositional phrase is part of the noun phrase because it is part of the description of the noun children

 

this prepositional phrase is not part of a description of a noun - so it is not part of a noun phrase

 

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noun phrase REVISION question

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noun phrases never have verbs in them

once a verb is added then the noun phrase is over

 

sea-life-center

 

noun phrase | action verb | prepositional phrase

 

The fish in the aquarium swam around the children.

 

noun phrase with a prepositional phrase inside it | the verb ends the noun phrase | prepositional phrase on its own ends the sentence

 

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a noun phrase ends when it meets a verb

 

pirates-sailing

 

The three pirates on the ship sailed to the island.

 

this is the noun phrase | the noun phrase ends with the verb sailed

 

the three pirates on the ship | sailed

 

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a sentence can have more than one noun phrase

 

surfer

 

noun phrase 1 | action verb | noun phrase 2

 

Dexter in his red wet suit surfed the huge waves.

 

☑️ a verb is never part of a noun phrase

 

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noun phrase REVISION question

 learn-club-question

 

noun phrases need a verb to create a sentence

 

☑️ but this verb is not part of the noun phrase

 

girl-pirate

 

The pirate in the cave guarded the treasure chest.

 

noun phrase about the pirate | action verb | noun phrase about the chest

 

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once a verb is added the noun phrase ends

☑️ the verb might then be followed by another noun phrase

 

broken-bike

 

A very unhappy Thomas carried his broken bike home.

 

first noun phrase | action verb | second noun phrase

 

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noun phrases can also be used with linking verbs

 

linking verbs are linked to other words to describe where something or someone is or what something or someone is like

 

pwl-reading

 

The owl with the book about trees is in the library.

 

noun phrase | linking verb | prepositional phrase

 

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the linking verbs we use the most are

 

am | is | are | was | were

 

dog-biting-man

 

linking verbs are linked to descriptions not to actions

 

The new puppy is an absolute pest.

 

noun phrase | linking verb | noun phrase

 

☑️ this sentence describes what the puppy is like

 

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Now take the Noun Phrases Quiz to find out what you have learned...

  

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Noun Phrases Online Lesson 

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Noun Phrases Online Quiz

 

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