# The Subjunctive Form

Warm-Up Question

If the pirates were to find any more chests,

they would be going home even richer.

Copy the three words that tell you the sentence is written in the subjunctive.

If the pirates were to find any more chests,

they would be going home even richer.

Copy the three words that tell you the sentence is written in the subjunctive.

a. if

b. were

c. would

## Learn About The Subjunctive Mood

sentences written in the subjunctive mood are about things that are not actually happening

and are not likely to happen

If the dog were better behaved, he could easily win the best behaved prize in a dog competition.

☑️ this is not actually happening and it is not likely to happen

the subjective mood is used for hypothetical situations

the word hypothetical means imagined or not real

If Hallie were to swim inside the aquarium, she would swim with the turtle.

☑️ this is not actually happening and it is not likely to happen

the subjunctive mood always uses the verb were

If I were to become an astronaut, I would fly around the entire universe.

☑️ the subjunctive mood often uses if + were

the subjunctive mood always uses were

were is often used with if + would, could or might

If it were to snow tomorrow, I could make a huge snowman.

the subjunctive mood often uses if + were

+ would, could or might

If Ewan were the headteacher of his school, he would ban all homework.

☑️ if + were always describe something hypothetical

In the SATs you need to spot the subjunctive mood when you see it

If there were a magic spell to fix his bike, Max would use it.

the words if + were + would are clues that

this sentence is written in the subjunctive mood

clues that a sentence is written in the subjective mood include

the use of were plus the words if + would

If Lewis were to play for Liverpool he would be on television.

clue | clue | clue

clues that a sentence is written in the subjective mood include

the use of were plus the words if + could

If Max were inside the game he could rule space world.

clue | clue | clue

clues that a sentence is written in the subjective mood include

the use of were plus the words if + might

If they were to fall asleep during the film they might miss the end.

clue | clue | clue

 most verbs tell us about real events this is actually happening The campers were asleep in their tent. ☑️ real - uses were but not if the subjunctive tells us about hypothetical events this is not actually happening If the river were to overflow tonight it would flood the tent. ☑️ not real - uses were + if

if without were is used for factual situations

If the pirate finds the treasure, he will go home rich.

this is not the subjunctive because it might happen - there is a chance that the pirate will find the treasure and then he will go home rich

☑️ if and were = the subjunctive

☑️ if without were = not the subjunctive

the subjunctive mood is also used for

unreal wishes

Lewis wishes that he were Superman.

the subjunctive uses wish + were for wishes that do not have any chance of coming true

wishes in the subjunctive uses wish + were it might also use if

 If Patch were to have one wish, it would be for his parrot to talk.   if + were + wish + would = subjunctive Patch wishes that his parrot were able to talk.   wishes + were = subjunctive

was is used for real situations so was is never used in the subjunctive

 He was on a world tour.   this is talking about something real so it uses was was is always used for real situations If he was a better singer he could be famous.   this is talking about something something hypothetical were should been used instead of was

the subjunctive mood describes something hypothetical

In the middle of the SATs test, Alfie wishes that the test were over.

☑️ the SATs test is not over

If the SATs test were not today, Alfie could revise more.

☑️ the SATs test is today

If Alfie were the teacher, he would cancel the SATs test.

☑️ Alfie is not the teacher

the subjunctive always uses were

were is used with if + would, could, might or wish

there are clues that a sentence is written in the subjunctive

If he were to have one wish it would be for smaller spiders.

main clue | main clue | clue | clue

 were without if is not the subjunctive mood They were the best dancers in the dancing competition. if without would, could, or might is not the subjunctive mood If they win the competition they will get a prize.

 was is used for real situations I was thinking of going to an island for my holiday. were is used for hypothetical situations If I were a millionaire, I would buy my own island.

the subjunctive has two key tenses

past tense

this tense is used for hypothetical situations

we have looked at this tense

present tense

this tense is used for requests, demands, or suggestions

we will now look at this tense

the present tense subjunctive is used with that clauses

to make suggestions, demands and requests

The astronaut suggested that he take a selfie of them all.

☑️ this is not a situation that is actually happening

the astronaut has only made a suggestion about taking a selfie - he has not actually taken one

the present tense subjunctive is used with a that clause to

make suggestions, demands and requests

The alien recommended that he show Bud the way.

The alien urged that Bud wear his helmet.

The alien requested that Bud hold on tight.

Bud suggested that they walk more slowly.

the ‘that' can be left out of a that clause and it will still make sense

Ben's boss suggested that Ben submit a report.

Ben's boss suggested Ben submit a report.

the subjunctive never describes actual events - Ben is not actually submitting a report - it is just being suggested to him

the present tense subjunctive always uses that clauses

there are clues that a sentence is written in the present subjunctive

Jack demanded that the dog let go of his leg.

words such as demanded, suggested or requested are clues

☑️ these words without that are clues

the word that following words like demanded is also a clue

Now take the The Subjunctive Mood Quiz to find out what you have learned...