Learn about action verbs & subject agreement in a sentence. What it is, how they agree and how they are used.

Action Verbs Subject Verb Agreement

  

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when action verbs are used on their own

 

they are called main verbs

 

 

They look at the hologram.

 

hologram-of-dinosaur

 

simple present tense

 

They looked at the hologram.

 

hologram-of-dinosaur

 

simple past tense

 

 

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most verbs have ed added to them to make them past tense

 

 

dolphins-jumping

 

verb | jump

 

present tense | he jumps /she jumps/they jump

 

for past tense add ed | jumped

 

 

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verbs that have a d or ed added to the end of them to form

the past tense are called regular verbs

 

 

aliens-on-an-island

 

simple present

 

The aliens lift their toy swords.

 

...

 

simple past

 

The aliens lifted their toy swords.

 

  

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verbs 2 REVISION question

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the tense of a main action verb changes

when the time of the action changes

 

red-car

 

 

simple present

 

The car races to the finishing line.

 

...

 

simple past

 

The car raced to the finishing line.

 

 

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in the present tense the verb also changes

depending on the number of subjects

 

 

The pirate looks at the map.

 

pirate-and-map

 

one subject - the pirate

 

an s is added to the verb

 

The pirates look at the map.

 

pirates-look-at-map

 more than one subject - the pirates

 

no s is added to the verb

 

 

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one

subject…

 

alien

 

is called singular

 

 

more than

one subject…

 

 aliens

 

is called plural

 

 

 

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verbs 2 REVISION question

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in the present tense nouns and verbs act

in the opposite way when we make them plural

 

 

most nouns need an s to make them plural

 

robot

robot-laughing

 

robots

 

robots-laughingrobots-laughingrobots-laughingrobots-laughing

 

but we add an s to most verbs to make them singular

 

they laugh

 

robots-laughingrobots-laughingrobots-laughingrobots-laughing

 

it laughs

 

robot-laughing

 

 

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verbs 2 REVISION question

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in the present tense the verb depends on

if there is one or more than one subject

 

robot-laughing

 

subject | robot

 

singular noun | no s

 

...

 

robots-laughingrobots-laughingrobots-laughingrobots-laughing

 

subjects | robots

 

plural noun | add s

 

 

...

 

 

robot-laughing

 

subject | it laughs

 

singular verb | add s

 

...

 

robots-laughingrobots-laughingrobots-laughingrobots-laughing

 

subjects | they laugh

 

plural verb | no s

 

 

 

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there should only be an s on the end of the

noun or the verb in a sentence - not on both

 

 

The pirate waits for a ship.

 

pirate

 

the s is on the verb

 

The pirates wait for a ship.

 

pirates

 

the s is on the noun

 

 

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what verb you use depends on how many subjects

there are and when the subject did the action

 

one subject

 

present tense verbs usually end in s

 

penguin

 

The penguin throws a snowball.

...

He throws a snowball.

...

She throws a snowball.

...

It throws a snowball.

 

 

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verbs 2 REVISION question

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more than one subject

 

present tense verbs do not end in s

 

penguins

 

The penguins throw a snowball.

...

They throw a snowball.

 

 

 

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the subject of a sentence and the tense of

the main verb in the sentence must agree

 

 

 

 

one subject = singular verb

 

farm

The farmer lives on the farm.

 

singular verb - lives

 

more than one subject = plural verb

 

farm

The animals live on the farm.

 

plural verb - live

 

 

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the subject and the verb in a sentence need to agree

this is called tense consistency

 

pirate-playing-cards

 

  The pirate plays a game of cards.

 

subject | verb

 

...

 

❌  The pirate play a game of cards.

 

subject | verb

 

  

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verbs 2 REVISION question

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in the past tense regular action verbs stay

the same regardless of number of subjects

 

 

 

The detective looked for clues.

 

detective

looked used for

one subject

 

The detectives looked for clues.

 

detectives

looked used for

more than one subject

 

 

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regular action verbs end in ed in the past tense

 

some verbs called irregular verbs do not follow this pattern

 

 

group-of-girls

 

one of the irregular action verbs that we use the most is the verb went

 

went is the past tense of go

 

simple present

 

They go for a walk in the park.

 

...

 

simple past

 

They went to the cinema afterwards.

 

 

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irregular verbs

 

are verbs that are different in the past tense

 

scoring-a-goal

 

simple present

 

Toby catches the ball.

 

simple past

 

Toby caught the ball.

 

 

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irregular verbs are different in the past tense

 

so each verb has to be learnt individually

 

digging-a-hole

 

simple present

 

Patch knows where the treasure is.

 

...

 

simple past

 

Patch knew where the treasure was.

 

 

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irregular verbs

 

are verbs that are different in the past tense

 

halloween

 

simple present

 

The children go to a Halloween party.

 

...

 

simple past

 

The children went to a Halloween party.

  

 

 

 

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